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我国糯玉米育种及产业发展动态
Development Trends of Waxy Corn Breeding and Industry in China
投稿时间:2016-03-15  最后修改时间:2016-03-15
中文关键词:糯玉米  育种  京科糯  产业  动态
英文关键词:waxy  corn, breeding, Jingkenuo, industry, trend
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
赵久然 北京市农林科学院玉米研究中心 maizezhao@126.com 
卢柏山 北京市农林科学院玉米研究中心  
史亚兴 北京市农林科学院玉米研究中心  
徐丽 北京市农林科学院玉米研究中心  
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中文摘要:
      糯玉米也称蜡质玉米,粘玉米,是玉米传入我国之后变异产生的一种新类型。国外糯玉米以美国研究和利用最多,但主要用于淀粉加工和饲料,基本不作为鲜食玉米。我国糯玉米育种起步较晚,但发展迅速,在糯玉米种质创新、组配模式优化、新品种培育、品质改良等方面均具有我国特色,在某些方面具有全球领先优势。京科糯2000等系列品种的选育与推广极大地促进了我国糯玉米产业的整体发展。本文综述了国内外糯玉米育种及产业发展现状、我国糯玉米育种创新点和新亮点,并为我国糯玉米产业在玉米调结构,转方式形势下如何进一步发展提出建议:以鲜果穗销售为主,加工为辅;加强甜加糯新类型品种的选育和推广;加强糯玉米秸秆有效利用;高端特色,打造品牌。
英文摘要:
      Waxy corn, which was also being called Chinese glutinous corn, was a new variant type generated in common maize. In the countries abroad, America has been studying and using the most of waxy corn, but mainly in starch processing industry and fodder, barely no fresh corn. Waxy corn breeding started late in China, but developed quite quickly, and now China has formed its own features and has been the global leader in waxy germplasm innovation, crossing mode optimizing, variety developing and quality improvement. Developing and application of series of Jingke waxy corn such as Jingkenuo2000 has greatly driven the development of waxy corn in China. Development status of waxy corn breeding and industry in and abroad, innovation and new highlights in China were summarized and advice on how waxy corn industry moving forward were offered in this paper: give priority to fresh ears and supplement processing products; enhance breeding and apply sweet-waxy corn; strengthen effective use of waxy corn straw; develop high-end, distinctive varieties and create waxy corn brand.
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