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新型尿素对玉米产量及养分积累、利用的影响
The effect of new-type urea on yield, nutrient accumulation and utilization of corn
投稿时间:2017-10-10  修订日期:2017-11-16
中文关键词:玉米  新型尿素  产量  养分积累  养分利用  
英文关键词:corn  new-type urea  Yield  nutrient utilization  nutrient utilization  
基金项目:公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201103005);贵州省科技计划(黔科合支撑(2016)2837号);联合基金(黔科合LH字[2014]7702号);农业部植物营养与肥料学科群开放基金(APF2015028)。
作者单位E-mail
张爱华 贵州省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 zah818212@126.com 
张钦   
杨爽 贵州大学  
吴兴洪 贵州大学  
姚单君   
陈正刚  gzchzg@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      为探明几种新型尿素对贵州山地玉米产量、生物量、氮素吸收利用及经济效益的影响,筛选出适宜贵州山地玉米施用的新型尿素。本试验以西都森玉1号品种为试验材料,在N、P2O5、K2O总投入量相同的条件下,以施用普通尿素处理为对照,分析大田试验下施用几种新型尿素(控失尿素、腐殖酸尿素、聚能网尿素、含锌尿素)后玉米农艺性状、产量、生物量、养分积累及利用情况。结果表明:相对于普通尿素处理,几种新型尿素处理玉米产量及植株地上部分生物量均显著增加,其中控失尿素一次性施用增产率和生物量最高,分别为23.48%和387.21g/株;控失尿素、控失尿素一次施用处理可显著增加作物氮、磷、钾积累量,聚能网尿素施用后显著增加作物对氮和钾吸收积累,腐植酸尿素处理则显著增加作物对氮、磷的吸收积累;控失尿素一次施用处理氮肥利用率、偏生产力、氮素吸收效率、氮肥农学效率及利润率均最高,分别为34.04%、66.09kg/kg、102.09%、17.08kg/kg及33.81%。综合考虑,控失尿素一次性施用在贵州地区玉米作物上施用效果最好。
英文摘要:
      In order to explore the effect of several new urea on yield, biomass, nitrogen absorption and economic benefit of corn in Guizhou, and select the most proper one. The test take XiDuSenYu-1 for example, make the N, P2O5, K2O in same level, Compared with ordinary fertilizer, then analysize the maize agronomic traits, yield, biomass, nutrient accumulation and utilization after the several new urea (loss control urea, humic acid urea, shaped net urea, Zinc urea) under field experiment. The Results showed that, compared with common urea treatment, the news were significantly increased the yield , plant biomass, Among them, the disposable urea had the highest yield and biomass, 23.48% and 387.21 g/strain respectively. The loss control urea treatment and loss control urea Single basal application treatment can significantly increase nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium accumulation of corn, the shaped net urea treatment can significantly increase nitrogen, potassium accumulation of corn, the humic acid urea treatment can significantly increase the accumulation of nitrogen, phosphorus. The loss control urea Single basal application treatment had the highest utilization rate, partial productivity, nitrogen absorption efficiency, nitrogen fertilizer and profit, 34.04%, 66.09 kg/kg, 102.09%, 17.08kg/kg and 33.81% respectively. Comprehensive consideration, the control of urea Single basal application is the best choice of corn in guizhou region.
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