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作物模型在我国玉米生产中的研究与应用
Research and application progress on corn by crop models in China
投稿时间:2017-11-16  最后修改时间:2018-05-04
中文关键词:作物模型  玉米  中国  研究应用  发展方向
英文关键词:Crop model  Maize  China  Research and application  Development tendency
基金项目:国家重点研发计划课题(2017YFD300103);吉林省科技发展计划(20160203004NY);吉林省农业科技创新工程(CXGC2017ZY015)资助。收稿日期:2017-11-12 , 2*
作者单位邮编
陈小民 延边大学农学院 吉林延边 133002
崔红 吉林省农业科学院 吉林长春 
刘志铭 吉林省农业科学院 吉林长春 
魏雯雯 吉林省农业科学院 吉林长春 
姚凡云 吉林省农业科学院 吉林长春 
吴杨 吉林省农业科学院 吉林长春 
曹玉军 吉林省农业科学院 吉林长春 
吕艳杰 吉林省农业科学院 吉林长春 
王永军 延边大学农学院 吉林延边;吉林省农业科学院 吉林长春 130033
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中文摘要:
      作物模型在我国发展与应用日趋完善,已成为农业科研领域重要的研究工具,在区域化模拟、农业预测与风险分析、宏观农业决策制定、未来气候情景模拟、优化栽培措施以及气象灾害影响评估研究中发挥日益重要的作用,极大地推动了我国农业生产发展和科研水平的提高。本研究对当前国内作物模型研究中具有代表性的6个生长模型的概况和在玉米上应用进展进行综述,便于研究者根据研究目的及具体条件选择适宜的作物模型进行应用,以期进一步提高作物模型在我国玉米科研与生产中的应用水平。最后,对现有主要模型存在问题及今后需开展的工作进行了阐述。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:Crop models are becoming more and more perfect, the research on the model has attracted more and more attention and become an important research tool in agricultural research field in our country. As a research model it has played an important role in regional simulation, agricultural forecasting and risk analysis, Macro agricultural decision-making, future climate scenario simulation, optimization cultivation measures and meteorological disaster impact assessment and greatly promoted the improvement of agricultural development and scientific research. In this paper the basic introduction and application of several main current maize models in China are reviewed in detail. It is convenient for the researchers to select suitable models for application according to the research purpose and specific conditions at the same time, in order to further improve the research and application of crop models in China. Finally, the problems and the future works about the existing models were discussed. Key words: Crop model; Maize production; China; Research and application; Development tendency
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