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夏玉米花期高温热害时空分布特征
Spatiotemporal variation of flowering stage heat damage of summer maize
投稿时间:2019-04-28  修订日期:2019-07-31
中文关键词:夏玉米  花期  高温热害  时空变化分析  高温日数
英文关键词:summer maize  flowering stage  heat damage  temporal and spatial variation analysis  high temperature days
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFD0301104); 中国气象局•农业气象保障与应用技术重点开放实验室开放研究(AMF201706);河南省气象局气象科学技术研究项目(KZ201709)。Supported by: National Key Research and Development of China(2017YFD0301104);CMA/Henan Key Laboratory of Agrometeorological Support and Applied Technique(AMF201706);Research Projects of Meteorological Science and Technology of Henan Meteorological Service(KZ201709)
作者单位E-mail
王秀萍 中国气象局河南省农业气象保障与应用技术重点实验室
河南省气象科学研究所
河南农业大学 农学院 
wangxiuping03@126.com 
方文松 中国气象局河南省农业气象保障与应用技术重点实验室  
杜子璇 中国气象局河南省农业气象保障与应用技术重点实验室  
刘天学 河南农业大学 农学院  
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中文摘要:
      为了对河南夏玉米花期高温热害的时空分布特征进行定量化评估,本文利用1981-2018年农业气象观测站的夏玉米发育期资料和1970-2018年夏玉米开花期逐日最高气温资料,统计了河南省夏玉米花期发生高温的平均日数,分时段计算了河南省夏玉米花期发生3天以上和5天以上高温日数的频率,分析了夏玉米花期高温热害的时空变化规律。结果表明:河南省1970-1999年间夏玉米开花期高温日数变化不大,2000-2009年间高温日数最少,2010年后明显增多。将河南省按照豫东、豫南、豫西、豫北和豫中划分5个区域,以豫南高温日数最多,此后依次为豫东、豫中、豫西和豫北地区。河南省大部分地区夏玉米开花期平均高温日数为4-6日,豫北及豫西部分地区为2-4日,豫南部分地区为6-8日。豫南地区7月20日至7月29日发生5日及以上高温日数的频次最高,为10年2-3次,随着日期的推后,发生5日以上高温的频次逐渐降低,8月9日后,全省大部分地区发生5日及以上高温的10年重现率降至1次以下。
英文摘要:
      The aim of this paper is to quantify comparative analysis of heat damage during flowering stage of summer maize, and detailed evaluation the spatial and temporal distribution of heat damage during flowering stage of summer maize. Time span of flowering stage was analyzed based on observed growth stages by agrometeorological experiment station during 1981 to 2018. Average high temperature days during flowering stage, frequency of high temperature days over 3 days and 5 days during flowering stage in a different period in Henan province according to the daily maximum temperature during 1970 to 2018. Temperal and spatial distribution of high temperature during summer maize flowering stage were analyzed. The result indicated that high temperature days from 1970 to 1999 kept steadily, and high temperature days from 2000 to 2009 were least among the three periods, high temperature days increased obviously since 2010. Then the area of Henan province was divided into five sections: the eastern part of Henan, the southern part of Henan, the western part of Henan, the northern part of Henan and the middle of Henan. While the high temperature days in the southern part of Henan are the most, followed by the eastern part of Henan, the middle of Henan, the western part of Henan and the northern part of Henan. The average high temperature days were 4 to 6 days in most part of Henan province, 2 to 4 days in parts of the northern part and the western part of Henan, and 6 to 8 days in part of the southern part of Henan. The frequency of high temperature days over 5 days was highest in the southern part of Henan with 2 to 3 time per ten years. The frequency of high temperature days over 5 days was declined with the date pushed back. Ten-year recurrence rate of high temperature days over 5 days was below 1 time between 9th august and 18th august in most parts of Henan.
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